Go Programming Language: history, features, applications, Why learn?

Introduction to GO Programming Language

Today, we will discuss about Go programming language in this article. Through this article we will know about what is go programming language, its history, features, applications and why should we learn go programming language. So let's start

Go Programming Language: history, features, applications, Why learn?

What is Go programming language?

Go programming language is a simple reliable modern and fast programming language which is also known as golang because of its domain name that is golang.org. Go programming language is a Statically typed programming language which supports the feature of procedural and object oriented programming approach. It supports the concept of object oriented programming approach like inheritance, class, abstraction, polymorphism and encapsulation, etc. 

It is a compiled programming language whose syntax  are similar to C programming language. Go programming language suppose the feature of automatic garbage collector and it also provides a rich inbuilt powerful standard library function. Go programming language supports different programming styles like functional, imperative and concurrent. 

It is also an open source programming language which means that anyone can download it and modify it for free. Go programming language is used by popular companies like Google, Apple, and BBC, etc.

History of Go programming language

The history of Go programming language is filled with some very interesting facts. So, let's discuss about them in detail. Go programming language was designed by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson in 2007. Go programming language was originally introduced in 2009 at Google Inc. and in 2012 it's 1.0 version was released officially. 

Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson are known as fathers of Go programming language. Go programming language was designed to overcome the criticism of other programming language which are used at Google.

Features of Go programming language

Go programming language is one of the most demanded programming language at present time in comparison to other programming languages. There are many features of Go programming language which makes it very popular programming language. So let's discuss the main features of Go programming language in detail which are as follows;

1. Open source programming language

Go programming language is a simple and open source programming language which means that anyone can download and use it in their projects or applications for free from its official website. You can also modify go programming language according to your requirements without spending any money.

2. Statically typed

Go programming language is a statically typed programming language due to which compiler has to work on compiling programs as well as it also so take care of type conversions and compatibility. The compiler of Go programming language take very less time in compiling programs. With Go programming language's compiler programmers can easily company a large program within few seconds.

3. Implementation of pointers

Go programming language also provides pointers like traditional programming languages. The feature of pointer allows the programmers to directly interact with the memory location of different variables. And with the use of pointers, programmers can reduce execution time of a particular program. Pointers allow easy handling of memory, arrays, structures and functions, etc.

4. Object oriented programming

Go programming language also supports the feature of object oriented programming approach which makes development and maintenance easy. Go programming language supports different concepts of object oriented programming approach like class, inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation, etc. And features of object oriented programming approach also helps in increasing the speed.

5. Simple and easy to learn

Go programming language is a simple and easy to learn programming language. Due to its simplicity it is one of the most demanded programming language at present time in comparison to other programming languages. A programmer can easily learn Go programming language as it is easy to understand, easy to read and the syntax of go programming language are similar to the syntax of C programming language.

6. Powerful standard library function

Go programming language also provide a vast range of powerful inbuilt standard library function which comes distributed as packages. With the help of inbuilt rich class library, it becomes easy and fast for programmers to write code in Go programming language.

7. Concurrency feature

Go programming language also provides the feature of concurrency which also makes it one of the most demanded programming language in comparison to other programming languages. Concurrency is a feature which helps in running of multiple processes effectively and efficiently and simultaneously. Concurrency feature is also helpful in effective scaling of large applications.

8. Testing support

Go programming language also supports the unit testing feature which allows a programmer to write their own unit test in parallel with their codes. Unit testing function helps the programs to make a particular program more reliable. This feature helps you to know about your code coverage with your unit test.

Some additional features of Go programming language are

• Go programming language is the cross platform or platform independent programming language.

• Go programming language supports the feature of automatic garbage collector.

• Go programming language also supports the feature of procedural programming approach.

• Syntax of Go programming language are similar to the syntax of C programming language.

• It supports different programming styles.

Applications of Go programming language

Go programming language is widely used in in following areas

1. System programming

Go programming language is used by the programmers in developing different types of system programs for operating systems like Linux and Unix. Go programming language is the modern system programming language which is used to write complex as well as low level softwares.

2. Web development

Go programming language is also used by the programmers in web development. Programmers can easily develop different web applications with the help of Go programming language. As Go programming language provides different features like compiled language, statically typed and high performance, etc., so it is a good option for web development. Frameworks of Go programming language which are used for web development are Buffalo, Gorilla, Beego, Martini, etc.

Advantages of Go programming language or why should will learn Go programming language?

You must be thinking why should you learn Go programming language or what are the advantages of learning Go programming language. So, here is the answer. Go programming language provides different advantages which are discussed as follow

• It is a fast, well scaled and easy to learn programming language.

• Ho programming language is an open source programming language

• Go programming language is the most demanded programming language at present time.

• Go programming language is a platform independent or cross platform programming language.

• It also provides the feature of automatic garbage collector.

• The codes written in Go programming language are safer and neater.

• Go programming language comes with inbuilt testing tools.

Conclusion

In this article we have discussed about what is Go programming language, its history, features, applications and why should we learn Go programming language. Due to its features, Go programming language is the most demanded programming language at present time. 

It is a a simple and easy to understand programming language. Go programming language also supports the feature of concurrency. And along with this it provides strong inbuilt powerful standard library function. I hope this article will be helpful for you all.

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