Fortran Programming Language: History, Features and Applications

Introduction to Fortran Programming Language

Today, we will discuss about the basics of Fortran Programming Language. In this article you will learn the meaning of Fortran Programming Language, its history, features, applications and why should we learn it. So, let's start the article with the meaning of Fortran Programming Language.

Fortran Programming Language: History, Features and Applications

What is Fortran Programming Language?

Fortran programming language was the first high level and oldest programming language. Fortran programming language was originally designed for developing the engineering and scientific applications. Fortran programming language is a multi purpose or general purpose programming language which means that it can be used by programmers in developing different types of applications and programs. Fortran programming language supports multi paradigm like imperative, procedural, structured, object oriented, generic and array. Fortran programming language is a cross platform or platform independent programming language which means that it can be used in different operating systems and platforms like Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, etc. And Fortran programming language also supports the feature of concurrency. Fortran programming language was influenced by Speedcoding Programming Language. Fortran programming language supports different typing disciplines like static, strong and manifest. Fortran programming language also follows all the concepts of object oriented programming approach like class, inheritance, abstraction, encapsulation, and polymorphism, etc. Fortran programming language is a compiled programming language which means that the codes written in Fortran programming language is converted into machine readable language with the help of a compiler before execution. Fortran programming language was mainly used in scientific computing and numeric analysis.

History of Fortran Programming Language

You all must be curious about the origin of Fortran Programming Language and wondering how Fortran Programming Language got its name. There are various interesting facts related to the history of Fortran programming language. So, let's discuss in detail about the history of Fortran programming language.

In 1957, Fortran programming language was designed and developed by John Backus at IBM. John Backus is known as the father of Fortran Programming Language. Fortran programming language is the first high level computer programming language. The term Fortran is used as a abbreviation of "Formula Translator". The first version of Fortran programming language was officially released in 1957 and the latest version of Fortran Programming Language was released in 28 Nov, 2018.

Features of Fortran Programming Language

There are many features of Fortran Programming Language which makes it one of the popular computer programming language of its time. So, let's discuss in detail about the main features of Fortran programming language.

1. First high level programming language

Fortran programming language was the first high level and oldest programming language.

2. Cross platform

Fortran programming language is a cross platform or platform independent programming language which means that it can be used in different operating systems and platforms like Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, etc.

3. Typing disciplines

Fortran programming language supports different typing disciplines like static, strong and manifest.

4. Concurrent

Fortran programming language also supports the feature of concurrency.

5. Multi paradigm

Fortran programming language supports multi paradigm like imperative, procedural, structured, object oriented, generic and array. 

6. General purpose

Fortran programming language is a multi purpose or general purpose programming language which means that it can be used by programmers in developing different types of applications and programs.

7. Object oriented programming

Fortran programming language also follows all the concepts of object oriented programming approach like class, inheritance, abstraction, encapsulation, and polymorphism, etc.

8. Compiled Programming Language

Fortran programming language is a compiled programming language which means that the codes written in Fortran programming language is converted into machine readable language with the help of a compiler before execution.

9. Numeric analysis

Fortran programming language was mainly used in scientific computing and numeric analysis.

Applications of Fortran Programming Language

After discussing the main features of Fortran programming language, now we will discuss in detail about the main applications of Fortran programming language. So, let's start!

Fortran programming language was the first high level and oldest programming language. Fortran programming language was originally designed for developing the engineering and scientific applications. Fortran programming language is a multi purpose or general purpose programming language which means that it can be used by programmers in developing different types of applications and programs. Fortran programming language is a cross platform or platform independent programming language which means that it can be used in different operating systems and platforms like Windows, Linux, macOS, Unix, etc. Fortran programming language was mainly used in scientific computing and numeric analysis. Fortran is a very old programming language but stil many companies uses it like Apple, Boeing, Federal Reserve Bank, General Atomics, etc.

Why should we learn Fortran Programming Language or what are the advantages of Fortran Programming Language?

You all must be wondering that what are the advantages of learning Fortran Programming Language or why should we learn it. So, let's discuss in detail about the advantages of learning Fortran programming language.

• Fortran programming language support multi paradigm like imperative, functional, procedural, etc.

• Fortran programming language is a high performance Computer programming language.

• Fortran programming language was mainly used in scientific computing and numeric analysis.

• Fortran programming language support all concepts of object oriented programming.

• Fortran programming language also supports procedural and structured programming.

• Fortran programming language is a multi purpose or general purpose programming language.

• Fortran programming language also supports the feature of concurrency.

• Fortran programming language is a compiled programming language.

• Fortran programming language also supports modular programming and array programming.

Conclusion

Above we have discussed about the basics of Fortran Programming Language. Through this article you have learnt about what is Fortran Programming Language, its features, history, applications and why should we learn it or what are the advantages of learning Fortran Programming Language. In 1957, Fortran programming language was designed and developed by John Backus at IBM. Fortran programming language was the first high level and oldest programming language. Fortran programming language was originally designed for developing the engineering and scientific applications. And Fortran programming language also supports the feature of concurrency. Fortran programming language was influenced by Speedcoding Programming Language. Fortran programming language was mainly used in scientific computing and numeric analysis. I hope this information related to Fortran programming language is helpful to you all.

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